The transition to net zero presents opportunities and challenges for workers, employers and government. The economic changes likely to accompany the ongoing transition will affect all jobs to some extent and will result in shifts in employment as new employers, industries and roles emerge and others close down.
Following its commitment in Net Zero Wales, the Welsh Government has published Stronger, Fairer, Greener Wales: Net Zero Skill Action Plan, to provide practical steps towards understanding where and how skills needs will change over time and indicates how the Welsh Government will support this transition.
WCPP were asked to support the development of Stronger, Fairer, Greener Wales. This rapid evidence review contributes to the evidence base and discussion by providing an overview of evidence on future skills needs for the emissions sectors presented in Net Zero Wales, drawing on existing evidence and semi-structured interviews with sector representatives.
Our report finds a varying picture across emissions sectors. In some sectors, clear pathways to net zero and a good understanding of when and how skills will need to change mean that businesses are more prepared for change. In others, a lack of clarity around future technologies makes it more difficult to manage the workforce transition.
We found a number of cross-cutting themes that will be important across sectors:
Our report considers these themes in detail and also includes recommendations for each emissions sector and cross cutting theme.