Sub-national Government Involvement in International Trade Negotiations

Project status Completed

The UK Government is currently negotiating the United Kingdom’s exit from the European Union. Given UK Ministers’ stated intention to have a fully independent trade policy, it is probable that they will seek to begin negotiating multiple bi-lateral trade agreements rapidly following the UK’s exit, should the terms of the agreement allow.

These future trade negotiations will have direct consequences for Wales and involve areas for which the Welsh Assembly is responsible. It is therefore important to consider whether, and if so how, the Welsh Government and Welsh Assembly will have a meaningful voice in trade negotiations led by the UK Government.

To help inform this debate, we reviewed what role other sub-national governments in other countries play in international trade negotiations; looking specifically at Canada, USA, Australia, and Switzerland.